Welcome to our comprehensive set of articles on Astronomy Techniques. North, south, east and west make sense down on the ground... but it's a completely different system in the sky, this guide will help you discover how it works. Seeing can make or break an evening of backyard astronomy. In this article, you'll learn what causes bad seeing, how to measure it, what we can do to minimize it and what to look at when it's really poor. Sometimes we just need to skip across the sky a few degrees without needing to do it scientifically. Thankfully, you can use your own hands to estimate five standard night sky angles, and this article shows you how. Your finderscope is a valuable piece of equipment if it's properly aligned with your scope, and almost useless if it's not. This simple, 2-step guide is designed for the complete beginner and will give you a perfectly aligned finderscope in just a few minutes. Cleaning your telescope lens might just be what's needed to bring it back to life. Follow these five simple steps to do it effectively and with low risk to your valuable optics. Andromeda Galaxy (M31) is perhaps the first one that all backyard astronomers try to track down. It might be the brightest, but it's not easy to find, so this article shows you how. If you've just got your first telescope and don't really know where to start, then this easy, 16-step program will give you everything you need to enjoy backyard astronomy for the rest of your life! Star hopping is a must-have technique for backyard astronomers. If you've ever struggled to find an object in the night sky, then this simple technique might be just what you're missing out on! Did you ever want to photograph the night sky, but were put off thinking it's too technical. Our 10-point beginner's guide shows you how easy it is to get started! Telescope collimation can be a scary prospect if you've never done it before. Our 8-stage guide makes it so simple that you'll soon be doing it perfectly in minutes. Getting the most out of an evenings viewing requires some prep - which of these tips are on your list? What is it, why you MUST have one, how they work and some hacks to get the very most out of your planisphere.